Restorative Justice improves upon traditional criminal justice approaches by providing the following benefits:
It views criminal acts comprehensively rather than defining crime as only an offense against the state. The emphasis is placed upon the harm done to victims, communities, and offenders.
It involves more parties than the traditional judicial system, rather than giving key roles only to police and prosecutors and the offender. It brings all the affected parties into a process designed to promote healing and prevent future harm.
Success is not simply conviction and punishment imposed. It is measured in mitigation of harm and establishment of conditions to reduce the possibilities of future wrong-doing. The offender has an obligation to restore those harmed to the degree possible.
It recognizes the necessity of community involvement and initiative in responding to wrong-doing, rather than leaving the problem of crime to the government alone.